Metal for Making Solar Panels

At present, the common metals for making solar panels in the market are single silicon cells, polycrystalline silicon cells, thin film cells, and many others, but they are not common. The above common can be divided into many, but the raw materials of monocrystalline polycrystalline silicon battery are mainly monocrystalline silicon and polycrystalline silicon. The production auxiliary materials include acid, alkali, various special gases, metal aluminum, silver, etc. Thin film batteries include silicon-based films and CIGS. The main pigments are silicon, various metals and rare earth elements.

The assembly process of solar panel is as follows:

1. Battery test: due to the randomness of battery production conditions, the produced batteries have different performance. Therefore, in order to effectively combine batteries with the same or similar performance, they should be classified according to their performance parameters; Battery test is to classify the battery by testing its output parameters (current and voltage). In order to improve the utilization rate of the battery and make qualified battery modules.

2. Front welding: the bus bar is welded to the main grid line of the front (negative) of the battery. The bus bar is tinned copper strip. The welding machine we use can spot weld the welding strip on the main grid line in the form of multiple points. The heat source for welding is an infrared lamp (using the thermal effect of infrared). The length of the welding strip is about twice the side length of the battery. The excess welding strip is connected with the back electrode of the rear battery during back welding

3. Back serial connection: back welding is to connect 36 batteries in series to form a component string. The process we currently use is manual. The battery is positioned mainly by a membrane plate with 36 grooves for placing the battery. The size of the groove corresponds to the size of the battery. The position of the groove has been designed. Different templates are used for components of different specifications, The operator uses an electric soldering iron and solder wire to weld the front electrode (negative electrode) of the "front battery" to the back electrode (positive electrode) of the "rear battery", so as to connect 36 pieces in series and weld leads at the positive and negative electrodes of the assembly string.

4. Lamination laying: after the back is connected in series and passed the inspection, lay the component string, glass and cut EVA, glass fiber and back plate according to a certain level and prepare for lamination. The glass is coated with a layer of primer in advance to increase the bonding strength between glass and EVA. During laying, ensure the relative position of battery string and glass and other materials, and adjust the distance between batteries to lay a good foundation for lamination. (laying layer: from bottom to top: glass, EVA, battery, EVA, glass fiber and backplane).

5. Component lamination: put the laid battery into the laminator, draw out the air in the component by vacuuming, and then heat to melt EVA to bond the battery, glass and back plate together; Finally, cool down and take out the components. Lamination process is a key step in component production. The lamination temperature and time are determined according to the properties of EVA. When we use rapid curing EVA, the lamination cycle time is about 25 minutes. The curing temperature is 150 ℃.

6. Trimming: when laminating, EVA melts and extends outward due to pressure to solidify to form burr, so it shall be cut off after lamination.

7. Framing: similar to a glass frame; Install aluminum frame on the glass module to increase the strength of the module, further seal the battery module and prolong the service life of the battery. The gap between the frame and the glass component is filled with silicone resin. The frames are connected by corner keys.

8. Welding junction box: weld a box at the lead on the back of the assembly to facilitate the connection between the battery and other equipment or batteries.

9. High voltage test: high voltage test refers to applying a certain voltage between the frame of the component and the electrode lead to test the withstand voltage and insulation strength of the component, so as to ensure that the component will not be damaged under harsh natural conditions (lightning, etc.).

10. Component test: the purpose of the test is to calibrate the output power of the battery, test its output characteristics and determine the quality level of the component.

Metal for Making Solar Panels 1

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Companies Who Test Solar Panels?
Companies Who Test Solar Panels?
Id imagine you can get spec's, prices and other details on these sites or by calling their offices1. You place four identical solar panels in 4 places.?Best to worst: far side of the moon, near side of the moon (same as far side, except for lunar eclipses), Sahara desert (not at 0 latitude, and occasional bad weather), New England (less favorable latitude, and LOTS of bad weather)2. Measuring output of solar panels for science fair projectYou may want to try a reasonable number of combinations of series and parallel for the 6 panels to see which one produces the most interesting results (you may be surprised by the answer). The options are:Three sets of 2 in parallel (2 reds together, 2 blacks together, then conntect 2 blacks to 2 reds of the next group and then do it again for the third group) () (--) (--) (--) 1- 3- 5- 2-__4-__6- / Just for fun, connect them "wrong" and see what happens () (--) (----) () 1- 3- -5 2-__4-__-6 / In my "pictures", () means to connect wires, so () means 2 reds together and (--) means 2 blacks together and (--) means 2 reds and 2 blacks of different panels together. I also attempted to drawn the panels as numbers, 1- is panel one with a red wire "" and a black wire "-".Have fun!3. how much do commercial solar panels cost?Please check this with the company who dealt with solar panels in your area in case you are serious about it.because it is up to the location of your land4. Can a regular working person (not wealthy) afford solar panels?they are expensive and take forever to pay for themselves5. How much does it cost to install solar panels in your home?it is still very expensive i am waiting a few years and really expect to save fifty per-cent6. why should you get solar panels?They make electricity without burning any fuel. But they are expensive, so unless you are rich and like to throw money away on neat technological gadgets, or unless you have no access to the electric grid, you should not get them. The demand now exceeds the supply and prices are going up.7. Can you lease your property for solar panels?Hi, In the UK solar companies will fit them for nothing. The company gets the government allowance (called feed in tarrif FIT) and you get the benefit of the reduction in your power bills. The solar company make better money than the householder,BUT if the householder is in most of the day it could be most beneficial if the energy is used while the panels are generating, this means the householder is not paying for the power from the grid. If the householder works normally from 9 to 5 then there is less advantage in terms of getting free power from the panels. Best Wishes.8. Would the use of solar panels lower temperature in an area?right idea wrong logic sun energy is all input if the sunlight becomes heat you get max temperature rise if the solar panel coverts photons to electrical energy the electrice energy can be "used effectively " before finally becoming heat so the area in shade under the panel would be cooler but the earth would stay the same on average solar panels do NOT take energy from atmosphere. they actually work better in space9. The US and Europe slapped major tariffs on Chinese Solar Panels?Because America is the most corrupt nation on earth and their fall is coming soon, be ready people10. Does anyone use solar panels?It depends a great deal on where you live. We had it in Hawaii and spent very little on hot water if ever. I was in Florida and the trees were so thick, I doubt the sun would have hit a solar panel for more than an hour at straight up noon. The snowy north would have a long season without sun...not worth the cost of the panels. We had no problems with ours for about 10 years and then just minor aging problems due to sun, wind and weather that needed fixing.11. Can it be lucrative for cattle farmers to use their grazing fields for solar panels?Hello David,Good idea, but wrong animal.Cattle are big and strong. This requires solar panels that are high in the air with strong anchorage. A 1600 pound animal with an itch to scratch can do some real damage.To be lucrative, we need the solar to be inexpensive. That implies close to the ground and not overbuild to handle the beasts in the field. You need a better animal, like the sheep as shown in this video.Regards,APDahlenCan it be lucrative for cattle farmers to use their grazing fields for solar panels?.
What Is the Easiest Way to Install and Use Solar Panels?
What Is the Easiest Way to Install and Use Solar Panels?
Hire someone who knows what they are doing. The internet is a good place to start your search, and if your experience is like mine you will attract a couple vendors, who will do a free site evaluation and give you a bid on multiple options.nTell them about your objectives, concerns, intentions, and what you can spend on your project. Do expect them to do some exterior surveying of your house, some looking at roof angles, and expect to answer some questions about how much you spend on electricity right now.nIn response, you should expect several proposals from each vendor, outlining different combinations of panels, racking systems, inverters, and the like.Since you mentioned unwanted heat, it may be worth mentioning that panels on racks on your roof provide a pretty great radiant barrier where they throw shade, so can probably account for some reduction in heat load into your attic. 1. Does anyone know anything about Solar panels?Not much, just that they produce electricity...??2. How much would it cost to install solar panels at my high school?Well your lacking A LOT of information, first you need to find out how much the sun shines in your area, government incentives and rebates, and how much kwh your school uses. Ask your principal and then search solar energy cost estimator, there are some pretty good ones, but to power a house that uses about 7,000kwh a year would be around $20,000 (New England) after government incentives, not including labor and instillation cost3. how much money does solar panels save?I can tell you for a fact you can save money with solar panels. I have a system. I have a 3.74 kw dc system which cost $26K, I got a $10K rebate from my utility and a $2K fed tax credit. I will break even or get ROI in 6-7 years. My system generates about $2K of energy per year. The benefit of a school is most of the energy will be produced during the time that the students are using the facility so you may see a better return. I still use much of my energy when the sun goes down. All businesses get a 30% fed tax credit when they install a system, and many states offer larger rebates to businesses. There are many factors that will determine the efficiency of the panels, my orientation is not ideal so that drops my production a little. Shade can reduce the number of hours a panel can produce. The number of hours of sunlight and the number of days it is cloudy can affect production as well. Your utility policies can have an economic impact, not all utilities allow the meter to run backwards or buy back the excess energy you produce, most schools are out of session during the longest most productive days. The biggest problem for solar is the large initial payment, without grants or loans it is unlikely a school would have the money to put up a large system. There is no need to zero out the bill, even a partial system can save money.4. Nearly how many solar panels can produce an energy of 1000 watts?1000W is a measure of power, not energy. Four standard solar panels of 250W each will give you a rated power of 1000W. They will only produce 1000W under certain conditions of irradiance and temperature. You wo not get that power continuously.Nearly how many solar panels can produce an energy of 1000 watts?Nearly how many solar panels can produce an energy of 1000 watt?.5. Why didn't Bill Clinton put solar panels on the White House?i imagine that getting rid of the panels truly is a acceptable get mutually of ways Conservatives view energy. those were set up and that i assume operating even as Reagan eradicated. Why? No purpose ought to in all danger exist that can make sense diverse diverse he became once attempting to make his element that we've were given to be reliant on the oil business enterprise and screw replace sorts of energy. And at present with gasoline sturdy over $3.00 a gallon Reagan looks the fool he always became
Different Types of Solar Energy and Its Advantages and Disadvantages to Consider
Different Types of Solar Energy and Its Advantages and Disadvantages to Consider
If the ever rising electricity bill at your home leaves you in feel thought, why not change to some other alternative that will prove beneficial not only in saving energy but also relieve to your budget? You must know by now that solar energy can be the best help to your problem, but are you aware of the fact that there are two types of solar electricity energy, i.e. solar thermal system and solar photovoltaic that you can choose from in accordance to your need and convenience. By solar thermal system, we mean the process that collects heat from sun rays and use it either through liquid or aqua transfer. On the other hand, the solar photovoltaic system gathers sun rays directly and transfers it into solar electricity power with help of a semi conductor medium of silicon. Like everything, these two electricity systems also has its pros and cons to be considered beforehand as given below to help you better:Advantages of using solar panels system: The most prominent advantage of using solar panels system or solar photovoltaic technology is that it provides with clean and eco friendly electricity that is high in quality. As this process uses the sun rays directly and converts it in electricity through silicon panels, it ensures to provide quality service for longer time, at least for minimum 25 years.During summer days, this solar electricity process can be of great help as it easily produces good quantity of electricity for all your household appliances such as solar hot water systems, solar fan, solar light and many more. As this electricity is naturally produced from the sun rays and is a constant source of energy, solar energy will never go extinct and thus available at a much cheaper cost rate in total. It can even support high voltage appliances and equipments such as refrigerators and air conditioners with ease.Disadvantages of solar panels: The initial installation cost is much higher compared to other forms of electricity production. The equipment costs are expensive and requires for a wider space to arrange for solar panels.Now that you know about the pros and cons of solar panels, let's take a look through the advantages of solar thermal systems that can also be your choice to beat the high rising electricity bill every month. For this solar thermal system, you will not need a huge space to install the equipment unlike the solar panel method. Not only transferring sun rays to electrical energy, this system also helps reduce the gas cost as it transfers through liquid, thus making the solar hot water. Last but not the least; this is a simple method that does not depend on any complex technologies.There are many recognized and reputed organizations that you can depend on to enjoy the benefits of solar energy. Browse through internet and you will find various companies that deal in varied types of solar equipments such as solar fans, lights, pumps etc. Install a proper solar system of your choice and you can enjoy reducing the soaring electricity bill by leaps and bounds.
Is It the Heat That Gives Energy to Solar Panels Or a Something Else?
Is It the Heat That Gives Energy to Solar Panels Or a Something Else?
Solar electric panels (photovoltaics) use the light of the sun to produce electricity. Heat actually lowers their efficiency and causes them to produce less electricity1. Extracting the maximum energy from solar panelsThe performance of solar systems to convert solar radiation depends on its inclination angle to the horizontal plane, independently from meteorological conditions. Sunlight should fall with steep angle to extract maximum power from solar panels. Therefore, optimum fixed tilt angles of solar panels should be changed monthly and seasonally. In our study, MATLAB program is used to estimate the total solar radiation on a tilted panel surface with any inclination. The implementation developed to allow us to extract the correct angle at which the maximum energy could be absorbed by the solar cells. We could determine the optimum tile angle for monthly, seasonal, and yearly solar radiation relative to the site of Khouribga city (latitude North and longitude West), and we used the same method to draw the table of solar gains depending on the optimum tilt angle of the solar panels to the main Moroccan cities.2. Is it possible for UV bulbs to be put above solar panels for infinite electricity?No.UV bulbs can be put above solar panels to generate electricity, but the amount of electricity generated by the solar panels will always be less than the amount of electricity used by the UV bulb.From the perspective of the solar panel operator, this operation appears to provide carbon-neutral energy. A more appropriate analysis of the system finds that the solar panel's energy likely has a rather carbon-intense origin. This type of energy accounting error can be used to make certain technologies or practices appear less carbon-intensive than they really are and care must be taken to spot and not be fooled by it.Is it possible for UV bulbs to be put above solar panels for infinite electricity?3. Why has the cost of solar panels gone down so much?Mass production primarily. But for some time the Chinese were dumping solar panels (selling them for less than they cost to make) in a, mostly successful, attempt to put everyone else out of business4. Can a regular working person (not wealthy) afford solar panels?Yes to supply power for a house it would be big. if U go that way be sure to build it to withstand winds of 100 mph5. can a house have solar panels AND wind mill/turbine?gardens in roofs,non-conducting environment friendly walls etc makes the green home green6. Im thinking about solar panels for......?To save money, you need a serious system, either hot water or solar electric. Try checking your phone book for a professional installer, and get some free bids. Unfortunately, small systems do not generally save money, because they lack the economy of scale.7. Solar panels on mars equals better power output?No, because Mars is that much farther away from the Sun than the Earth is. Look up inverse square law. -For example, the intensity of radiation from the Sun is 9126 watts per square meter at the distance of Mercury (0.387 AU); but only 1367 watts per square meter at the distance of Earth (1 AU)-an approximate threefold increase in distance results in an approximate ninefold decrease in intensity of radiation.-8. what are bad things about solar panels?1. Expen$ive. 2. Must be large to generate much useful energy 3. Do not work in the dark 4. Lose efficiency if not kept clean 5. Lose efficiency in less than full sunlight 6. STILL do not satisfy the tree huggers...they delayed a solar panel farm out west for years to wait on an environmental impact study of the land beneath the panels.9. Are solar panels still a good idea in the UK?Solar panels installed now will be eligible for the scheme and consumers can sign up to suppliers as and when they offer tariffs, or wait until 2020. One benefit of installing now might be to avoid an increase in tax - from October this year VAT on solar panels and batteries will rise from 5% to 20%. The Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) has also conducted research into the importance of energy efficiency and its influence on property prices in England. . .. The DECC found that energy saving home improvements, such as solar panels, could increase property values by on average 16,000. Go to my Profile and you can find all about Solar Panels material there
Sunshine State Lags on Solar Power, Doubles Down on Natural Gas
Sunshine State Lags on Solar Power, Doubles Down on Natural Gas
VERO BEACH, Fla. —The irony is rich. The Sunshine State taps the sun for less than half a percent of its electricity while making two-thirds with natural gas — a fuel that Florida must pipe in from other states.Some see it as risky gambit. A coastal state already suffering punishing effects of global warming shouldn’t keep building power plants that pump even more greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, the Sierra Club warned. Natural gas prices are low now but will inevitably wallop customers down the road, the Florida Industrial Power Users Group predicted. As far back as a dozen years ago, when gas supplied less than 40%of the state’s electricity, then-Gov. Jeb Bush said utilities needed to stop depending so heavily on it.Florida’s power providers and their state regulators, however, haven’t reconsidered their strategy. In fact, they’re doubling down on it.More gas-fired electricity generation is under construction or planned in this state than in all but four others, U.S. Energy Information Administration records show. The building boom includes not only these plants but also a hotly contested tri-state pipeline to feed them. The new construction follows a 15-year surge in gas-fueled electricity production in Florida that topped the nation, outstripping even major gas producers such as Texas and Pennsylvania.More: Tesla delivers solar power to Puerto Rico hospitalMore: Possible Trump tariff: Is the U.S. solar industry boom in jeopardy?Never in its history has the industry’s key regulator, the state Public Service Commission, rejected a utility gas plant. The agency has repeatedly raised concerns about increasing reliance on gas, but its actions have moved the state further in that direction.Now, even as they’re finally accelerating solar development, Florida’s electric utilities still expect to construct more than twice as many new megawatts powered by gas in the next decade as by the sun. Near Vero Beach on Florida’s east coast, this struggle is on display.On land next to citrus groves, workers are installing more than 300,000 panels for a new Florida Power & Light solar site, one of eight the utility has under construction. Together, they’ll nearly triple FPL’s solar-powered portfolio. But about 20 miles west, the company is building a gas-fired plant — among the three biggest planned nationwide — that will power far more homes than all those solar sites combined.The Florida power users group, representing large industrial electric customers, was among those trying to convince the Public Service Commission two years ago that the $1.2 billion-dollar Okeechobee gas plant wasn’t necessary. Solar would be a cheaper, smarter alternative, the group argued.“The proverbial ‘You don't want to put all your eggs in one basket’ comes to mind,” Jon C. Moyle Jr., the group’s attorney, said at a hearing.FPL, the largest Florida electric utility, said falling costs are now making solar competitive and this power source should rise to 4%of the company's electricity mix by 2023. That’s a significant hike. But it falls far short of top solar utilities such as Pacific Gas & Electric in California, already at 13%last year.Gas remains key to FPL's plans. Its switch from oil and coal over several decades has been an unalloyed positive, bringing cheaper electric bills, cleaner air and fewer climate impacts than many other power providers, said Matt Valle, FPL’s vice president of development.“We’re completely unapologetic about making that shift,” he said.More: Battery storage: Energy giant bets on breakthrough within 5 yearsMore: Why can't Millennials bank on clean energy jobs? Low-cost oilBut gas plants developed in Florida haven’t simply displaced dirtier fuels. They’re also serving growing areas or replacing older gas plants, expanding the reach and lifespan of fossil fuels in a region especially vulnerable to their side effects.Florida’s three largest planned gas projects — two plants under construction and one plant FPL aims to rebuild — would pump out roughly 9 million tons of climate-warming carbon dioxide per year over their decades-long operating lives, according to the non-profit Rocky Mountain Institute, which promotes cutting carbon emissions.The state wouldn’t need so much gas if it prioritized energy efficiency to avoid expensive new power plants. But energy conservation costs Florida utilities money because they sell less power. Three years ago, the Public Service Commission cut conservation goals by 90%after the utilities argued they were no longer economical. This year, a national energy-efficiency non-profit, comparing the largest electric utilities on conservation efforts, ranked Florida’s among the worst.Rooftop solar is another alternative. The state could offset nearly half its electricity needs this way, according to a 2016 federal analysis. But that too would threaten utilities’ profits because they don’t own those panels or the resulting power — their customers do. In 2014, the companies convinced the Public Service Commission to ax the state’s solar rebate program. Last year, they spent more than $20 million promoting a purportedly pro-solar ballot amendment widely panned as precisely the opposite.Even without more conservation or solar, the state could have ensured that utilities build only those power plants Florida needs.The commission said it carefully weighs all its decisions to balance customers’ and utilities’ interests. Its deputy executive director for technical matters, Mark Futrell, said commissioners have seen value in — for instance — replacing old gas plants with more efficient new ones requiring less fuel for the same amount of energy.But the watchdog group Integrity Florida concluded in a recent report that the system is effectively rigged in favor of the companies. Floridians representing consumers, businesses, environmental interests and state government echoed that finding in nearly 40 interviews with the Center for Public Integrity. They pointed to the millions of dollars the major utilities spend on campaign contributions that flow to state officials, many with a say over appointments to the five-commissioner agency, and the 96 lobbyists working on those companies’ behalf.“The power the utility industry has . . . is enormous,” said Mike Fasano, a Republican who served in the state Legislature for two decades, “and anyone that tries to tell you differently is lying.”The story of natural gas in Florida is also a story of FPL, which serves roughly half the state’s customers. The company, based in Juno Beach, started down this road to wean itself off oil. Then natural-gas prices jumped more than fivefold in the U.S. between early 1999 and mid-2008, with some of that increase ending up in utility bills.In 2004, as FPL again sought to pass on higher fuel costs to customers, its officials said they would diversify their electricity generation to blunt such swings.Instead, FPL doubled its reliance on natural gas. Hydraulic fracturing — fracking — unlocked gas from shale, and that supply rush tanked prices beginning in 2009. Suddenly gas looked like a smart choice. Fuel diversity, not so much.FPL said its strategy has saved consumers $8.6 billion in fuel costs and prevented 108 million tons of carbon emissions since 2001.Its residential customers pay 19%less for each kilowatt-hour of electricity than do average Americans, according to federal figures for 2016. If the Obama-era Clean Power Plan were in effect, FPL said it would already be in compliance far ahead of schedule — with coal just 3.5%of its mix and falling, its rate of carbon emissions is 30%better than the national average. Even replacing old gas plants with new ones substantially reduces those emissions, FPL said.What upsets critics isn’t the shift to gas, but the extent of it — and that FPL and other Florida utilities are still adding gas plants. The electric grid covering most of the state is on track by 2021 to have the largest share of gas generation among all the U.S. and Canadian regional grids overseen by the North American Electric Reliability Corp., a regulatory body. This high reliance carries risks, the organization noted.Past governors called for more renewable energy. Bush, a Republican who served from 1999 to 2007, worried about over-reliance on gas. Charlie Crist, the Republican-turned-independent (and later Democrat) who followed him, feared the consequences of global warming and pushed the state to take action, winning no friends in the utility industry.His successor, heavily backed by utilities, has different priorities. Republican Gov. Rick Scott put an FPL executive on his transition team, supported the Sabal Trail pipeline and made national news for banning the state’s environmental protection agency from even referring to climate change.A 2017 ranking of states for the ease with which companies can use renewables, compiled for retail and information-technology trade groups, puts Florida sixth from the bottom. The state was 15th in the country for total solar generation last year, bested by less sunny places and far outstripped by other high-potential locales.North Carolina — headquarters of Duke Energy, which runs Florida’s second-largest utility — has nearly six times the electricity powered by rooftop and large-scale solar, according to Energy Information Administration data. If No. 1 California stopped building solar altogether and Florida added as much new production every year as it has right now in total, they wouldn’t pull even until 2048.Asked when it might reach 50%renewable power, FPL said that “setting an arbitrary goal for energy from renewable resources comes at a high cost and with reliability concerns.” California has high electricity rates, FPL notes — though other factors have contributed, including an overbuild of gas-fired power plants.Both FPL and Duke Energy said precipitous price drops only recently made solar competitive with gas in Florida, among the minority of states without a requirement for utilities to hit renewable targets. The state requires a cost-driven approach, and FPL’s Valle said his company jumped on solar as soon as the economics worked.“We’re building more solar than just about any other utility in the nation now,” he said.Florida utilities told the state this year that they’re expecting to build 4,000 megawatts of solar and 8,900 megawatts of gas-fired power plants in the next decade. FPL planned about 2,100 megawatts of solar, which it’s now on track to build by 2023, and 2,900 megawatts of new gas-fired generation, retiring both coal and older gas units in the process.In August, Duke Energy Florida agreed to build 700 megawatts of solar over the next four years rather than the similar amount it had expected to spread over a decade, along with a battery-storage project and more than 500 electric-vehicle charging stations. Still, the utility is also building a 1,640-megawatt gas plant. It will be capable of making more electricity than the coal units the utility plans to retire next year and the incoming solar combined.The transition from fossil fuels isn’t going faster because the company must consider customers’ interests, said Tamara Waldmann, director of Duke Energy Florida’s distributed generation strategy and renewables. “We want to be mindful of the affordability of electricity in our state.”The shift across the country to cleaner electricity isn’t a simple exercise. Utilities must grapple with potential solar tariffs, tax policy, the likely future cost of battery storage, the best way of using intermittent energy sources. To make it easier and reward utilities for steps like helping customers use less power, some states have changed their regulatory structures by de-linking electric sales from revenues.Florida has not.It’s hard to tell how much of Florida’s situation is driven by regulators as opposed to the companies they oversee. Investor-owned utilities, especially in recent years, have so much clout here.The four largest of these utilities influence state lawmakers through political giving — in the 2016 election cycle alone, about $1.4 million to the Republican Party, $376,000 to the Democratic Party, at least $1.5 million to political action committees supporting the governor and other major state officials, plus direct contributions to about 80%of serving state legislators. They influence appointments to the Public Service Commission, according to the Integrity Florida report, a process in which both the Legislature and governor play a role.They even influence the commissioners, who know from experience that a good job in the industry could await “if they do the bidding of the electric companies,” said Aubrey Jewett, a University of Central Florida political science professor. At least three former commissioners are lobbyists for electric utilities in the state.Commission officials also realize if they push back too much, they’ll lose their jobs, said Timothy Devlin, ousted as executive director of the agency in 2011. The same happened to four commissioners in 2010.Early that year, those commissioners voted to approve just 6%of the nearly $1.3-billion rate hike FPL asked for and rejected the $500 million increase Duke Energy’s predecessor requested. All were drummed out within months, two by the state Senate and the rest by a legislatively controlled nominating council.FPL spokesman Dave McDermitt said in a statement that claims about its pull in the state capital are “ludicrous charges by individuals or organizations with an old axe to grind or who are trying to advance their own political and/or policy agendas.” Of FPL’s spending on lobbying — seventh-highest in the state — and roughly $15 million in political giving in the 2016 election cycle, he said, “Like most Americans, we participate in the political process.”There certainly seems to be no friction between the utilities and the commission anymore. At a regional conference last year, Julie Brown, its chair, welcomed the crowd of state utility regulators and industry executives, including from FPL and Duke Energy. She said she was looking forward to “the opportunity to have dialogue with fellow sister commissioners from different states in the South, and you know, not be subject to [the public-record] Sunshine Law … and really talk about the best practices,” according to audio recordings obtained by the Center.The commission declined the Center’s requests to interview Brown and other commissioners. In a statement, it said Brown was simply encouraging commissioners from other states to strengthen their relationships with each other “and learn best practices.” The agency “vigorously strives to ensure that Florida’s consumers receive reliable, safe service at a reasonable cost,” balancing consumers’ needs with those of utilities, it said in its statement.Jody Finver drew gasps as she showed her electric bills to a roomful of people in Miami Shores: under $10 a month, down from roughly $110 before she put solar panels on her roof. Finver was telling the crowd how to go solar cheaper with Solar United Neighbors of Florida, a non-profit helping people form co-op buying pools to get bulk discounts and technical assistance.Finver’s panels produce enough to power her house and then some.A chapter of an organization expanding around the country, the group formed in the middle of last year’s battle over the solar amendment. It was kick-started by people like Deirdre Macnab, former president of the Florida League of Women Voters.Utilities say the state has low rooftop solar adoption because electric rates are cheap. But because Floridians use more electricity in their hot — and getting hotter — state, the average residential bill here is nearly 10%higher than (and FPL’s roughly the same as) the national average. Macnab, who paid $3,000 a year for electricity before solar panels reduced that by two-thirds, said the co-op pitch is simple: You can save, too.“We’re trying to get the state to a tipping point,” she said.Solar United Neighbors of Florida has launched 19 co-ops, some still enrolling members and others that have helped about 500 households go solar. Six more co-ops are planned for January alone. Organizers are heartened by the demand — their waiting list for new co-ops extends through next fall — and by communities taking their own steps to move the needle.Among those is Orlando, a city trying to go entirely renewable by 2050. Leaders made that commitment knowing their utility would cooperate: It’s municipally owned.It’s also coal-heavy, so there’s a lot of work to do. Chris Castro, Orlando’s director of sustainability, thinks the goal is necessary and attainable. The city is trying everything: Amped-up conservation that propelled Orlando from the 30th to the 20th most efficient large city in the country in a 2017 ranking. A new solar site on a coal-ash landfill. A planned solar-with-battery-storage project. Panels on parking-lot roofs and a floating solar array in a pond.And rooftop solar? Orlando’s utility is getting into the business. Taking a page from the co-ops, it’s launching a program to help customers aggregate their demand for lower prices.But the utility serves 250,000 households and businesses. FPL, with 4.9 million customers, shapes Florida’s future in a bigger way.The Center for Public Integrity is a non-profit, non-partisan investigative news organization in Washington, D.C.
Do Solar Panels Cause Cancer?
Do Solar Panels Cause Cancer?
No there is no chances of cancer but its is hazard only when its life is at end stage means after 25 year but we have also solution that is recycling of every components stage by stage. Its really very silly questions cancer only for those who are in against them u can realise government target is 100 GW till 2022 so world is going to end now— — — — — —Why are solar panels only flat and not in pyramids or cylinders to enhance power?The solar panels work best and most efficient as flat because the light ray from sun falls on it as action of angle of incidence is important and can be adjusted suitable to the places or region of North or south for best output of energy solutions,Why are solar panels only flat and not in pyramids or cylinders to enhance power?— — — — — —what colour can solar panels be ?Panels can come in a selection of colors, and trimmed in a variety of frames. Most are dark, black, blue or reddish in hue. Concentrators may appear white from a distance. Kinetic back up is possible in the form of a flywheel. Not very common but it is out there. Another form of kinetic backup that is used by some power companies is hydro. When the sun is out and the system is producing more than is used, the excess can be used to pump water uphill to a holding tank. Then when there is a demand, the water is allowed to flow back down turning a turbine to generate electricity.— — — — — —Is it worth the energy?: What Erie-area homeowners need to know about solar panelsThe first thing to understand about solar power is that sunny days are not necessary to make energy. "It's not sunshine that you need for solar energy, it's daylight and the sun rises every day," said John Purvis, owner of Solar Revolution, a solar installation company in Erie. "Obviously, on sunny days the panels generate more energy, but even on a cloudy day, there is UV light and that is all you need." So, even if you buy into the "dreary Erie" trope and think solar power would be a risky investment in Erie, Pennsylvania, there are many homeowners who have been converting daylight into electricity for years. And they are happy to show off their electric bill to prove you wrong. "Natural gas is not available on my road, so everything in my house was electric and it seemed worth looking into solar energy," said Matt Kleck, a Harborcreek Township resident who had Solar Revolution install a solar array on his home in 2017. "The solar panels cover 70 to 75 percent of our electric bill. Being that electric is our only utility available, our return on investment is pretty substantial." Kleck estimates that his investment - $23,000 for a 26-panel roof installation - will have paid for itself in energy savings in 11 years. On long, sunny days, Kleck's panels gather so much energy that it is fed back into the power grid, but he does not lose it. "With the install, our electric meter was replaced with a bi-directional meter," Kleck said. "When we are generating more power than we are consuming, the meter spins backwards and feeds the power grid. As we use more power than we generate, or at night when we are not generating any power, the meter moves forward." Purvis said when he got into the solar business 15 years ago, people thought he was "nuts," but he ran the numbers and it always worked out for the homeowner. "I knew it was just an educational hurdle to grow the business," Purvis said. "That said, I am not the reason we are in business. The math is the reason we are in business. The panels will make energy for at least 25 years and homeowners who are installing them today are seeing a payoff in less than ten years." Kristen Currier, a North East mother of three teenagers, said she and her husband, Johnathan Currier, had monthly electric bills of more than $300 year-round. "We tried everything to bring those costs down," Kristen Currier said. "We installed an energy-efficient water heater, timers, and monitored to be sure devices were not plugged in unnecessarily. Nothing worked. And, since we use propane for most of our appliances and heat, it was just ridiculous." In June 2020, they had a 27-panel solar array installed on their home by Powerhome Solar, a North Carolina-based solar installation company. Kristen Currier went with Powerhome Solar because her family was able to pay the company in installments rather than take out a loan for the entire amount. They saw immediate savings in their electric bill. "Our bills dropped by about $200 (a month)," Kristen Currier said. "Since we are paying on the panels, it's a wash right now, but once they are paid off, that will be pure savings. And, I would rather pay to own something than keep paying a utility company." Kristen Currier, whose home is in the snow belt south of Interstate 90, said she had two concerns about the solar panels: snow breaking or obscuring the panels and animals building nests under the panels. "Our installer assured us that snow melts relatively quickly and slides off in winter and that animals would not build a nest because the warmth provided by the panels would be uncomfortable for them, and both have proven to be true," she said. If you are pondering solar energy, here are some other things you should know: There is no such thing as a standard solar panel home installation. Every one is unique. "We design for that home, that property, that family's needs," Purvis said. "The pitch of the roof, the direction of the roof, the home size, the location, the weather patterns and the size of family all come into play." An older couple in a ranch home has much different energy needs than a tri-level home next door with five daughters. "There was a lot of science involved in placing our panels," Kristen Currier said. "They took into account the angle of the roof, the sun at various time of the day and year, the tree line, the pitch of the roof. It made me feel better that the company was not just slapping up panels and asking for payment." Installers offer free site evaluations and proposals. Purvis can even do an initial design using satellite mapping software for contactless design. Once plans are made, technicians will take in-person measurements. Installation on most home projects is just two to three days, and panels can be installed on any roof surface, including metal. "I know some people do not care for how panels look on a roof," Kleck said. "But I do not mind at all and there are some newer panels now that are all black, with no silver framework, that are really nice-looking." That said, roof-mounted panels are not required. Ground mounts are an option, too, particularly in Erie County where people might have more greenspace than roof space. Purvis has 20 employees doing about three houses a week. They do businesses as well. Earlier this year, they installed 2,200 panels on the roof of Boscov's in the Millcreek Mall. Purvis likens estimating the cost of solar panels to buying carpet. "Carpet is sold by the square yard. Solar is sold by the watt," he said. "So the panels might be $7.90 a watt and the installation $2.90 a watt, for example." Because every install is different, it's hard to give a ballpark cost, but many homeowners end up spending $20,000 to $30,000. "The cost of panels dropped 70% from 2007 to 2017," Purvis said. "And they are becoming more efficient with more wattage and power for the size. We are now using 350- to 400-watt panels that are the same size that 200-watt panels were several years ago." There are no costs beyond installation. Both Kleck and Currier said their solar array came with lifetime monitoring via computer or smartphone at no cost. "I can go online anytime to see what our panels are doing, how much energy they are producing and how it compares to other months or days," Kristen Currier said. If cutting your electric bill is not an incentive, there's another: "Twenty-six percent of the cost of your installation can be written off on your federal taxes," Purvis said. "That solar energy tax credit was supposed to expire in 2020, but they just extended it." More:5 simple steps to getting started with solar panels Most solar panels, including those sold by Solar Revolution, come with a 25-year warranty. That does not mean they stop working at 25 years, but they are under warranty until that time. Maintenance is as easy as occasionally hosing the panels off if they get covered with dust or pollen in the spring. Winter maintenance is up to the homeowner. If the panels are covered with snow, they wo not collect energy, so some owners, like Kleck, choose to clear them off, while others just let it go and wait for the sun to melt the snow off the panels. "Our house is a ranch, so it's not hard for me to remove some of the snow with a snow rake," Kleck said. "The panels are very smooth, so sometimes you can get an entire section to fall off with just a few nudges. The rest of the year, the rain does a pretty good job of keeping them clean." What if you move? Purvis said most homeowners just transfer the solar energy account to the new owner at the time of sale. Kristen Currier said if they chose to move before their solar panels are paid off, they can either incorporate the remaining cost of the panels into the sale or the company can remove them and install them on the Curriers' next home. Because solar panels are tied into the larger electrical grid, when there is a power failure, a solar-powered home will also be out of power, unless they have invested in a battery backup. "This is necessary because if there is a power failure in the grid and they are working on the lines and your home sends power to the grid, it could be extremely dangerous," Purvis said. "You can, however, add a backup battery system that will solve that problem." Both Kleck and Kristen Currier say an additional benefit of their solar energy installation is knowing they are using clean energy. "Solar was definitely a worthwhile investment for us," Kleck said, "Not only will it save us a bunch of money in the long run, but we are doing our part to reduce our carbon footprint." Kristen Currier, too, is pleased with her family's decision. "The panels are doing exactly what I expected, harnessing solar power rather than having us rely solely on non-renewable resources such as coal and oil for our energy," she said.
Biggest Solar Panel Installations in America
Biggest Solar Panel Installations in America
Biggest Solar Panel Installations in AmericaDid you know that solar farms can last for 20 to 25 years? And a solar panel after installation can last for up to 50 years. As an Iowa native, I am a bit jealous that California ranks #1 when it comes to the installation of solar panels in the USA. About 14% of its electricity comes from solar panels, a number that is rising every year. In fact, they are requiring solar on all new construction starting 2021.The United States is filled with large and productive solar energy farms. Follow along to learn about the biggest solar panel installations in the country. #1 — Solar StarIt's a 579-megawatt solar power plant. The project finished in 2015, and it's the world's largest operating solar farm. The solar star is located in Rosemond, California. It uses 1. 7 million solar panels. SunPower manufactures these panels. This solar farm is successfully delivering enough electricity to power 255K homes.This farm was established on an altered land. It is cleaned automatically, but very minimal water is required for the clean-up. #2 — Topaz Solar FarmLocated in the Carrizo Plain of San Luis Obispo County, this solar farm's construction also completed in 2015. The land is spread over fifteen square km. It produces enough electricity for powering 160k homes via 580-megawatt energy. When it's operating on its full capacity, it can power 180k houses.The steel columns support the solar panels installed in this farm. With the help of this structure, the solar modules are held 5ft above the ground. #13— Ivanpah SolarIt's a concentrated solar thermal plant located in Mojave Desert, California. This solar farm was developed by BrightSource Energy & Bechtel. The farm's total capacity is 392 Megawatts. It has 173500 heliostats installed, having two mirrors focusing solar energy on boilers. This is a truly impressive solar installation.The farm opened in 2014 and became the world's largest solar thermal power station. Even though it has been a success, many people have criticized the project for destroying animals' homes and killing birds that flew too close to its hot towers. Birds who fly too close do not realize they are practically flying into a concentrated laser beam until it's too late.When the hot water towers spin the turbines, the steam generated produces electricity, which is sufficient for powering 140k households. #4 — Crescent Dunes Solar Energy ProjectThis is a concentrating solar power farm constructed near Tonopah, Nye County, Nevada. The farm spreads over 1600 acres. It's established on public land, but the US Bureau of land management administers the land. The operational life of this farm is 30 years. Its capacity is 110 megawatts. It is also the first utility-scale power land in the country that's integrated with energy storage tech. It is home to a 540 ft tall tower, which is also the tallest tower in the world. The amount of energy it produces is capable of powering 75k households. #5 — California Valley Solar RanchIt is a solar photovoltaic power project. The farm is located in San Luis Obispo County. It produces 292-megawatt power. It became operational in 2013. The 4700 of acres land contains the solar farm, facility buildings and some area that is preserved. It is capable of supply energy to 100k homes.It's all California baby. As you can see, most of the largest solar installations are in California or somewhere in the West. Not many are in other regions yet.How can we get more solar in Iowa?If you want solar panels in Davenport or Cedar Rapids, there are options out there for you. Even if you are still making mortgage payments, you can afford solar. A company like Iowa Solar can handle all your solar needs easily and they charge a fair price for it. Solar can be complicated, so it's best to let a professional handle it. You can use an organization like the Solar Consortium to find installers that are near you.Buy your solar yourself and install it yourself. But be warned. No company is going to help support you in the installation if you realize halfway that you are out of your depth. This is only really a good option if you are a true handyman professional and you've changed more than 20 or 30 light fixtures (not light bulbs, the entire fixture) yourself. Electrical work is scary and not having a lot of experience in it can make it really hard. And in fact, many areas do not even allow homeowners to make changes to their electrical systems. Bottom LineThere goes the list of top solar panels in America. Many solar panel farms are supplying energy to households nearby
Are 1 to 4 Tons of Coal Required to Create Only One Solar Panel?
Larry already answered the question about the manufacture cost of a single solar cell, so I'll answer the other question.All the world's photovoltaic solar panels generate as much electricity as two coal power plants.False.Here is a link from the Union of Concerned Scientists stating that the average (admittedly US) coal fired plant generates, on average, 547 MW.Here is a report from the International Energy Agency reporting that the total worldwide solar capacity to be approximately 230 GW.This puts the total world PV capacity as equivalent to 420 American Coal power plants. To put that in perspective, as of 2012, there were 572 Coal Plants active in the United States.• Related QuestionsHow Solar panel working changes in different seasons?The working of solar panels depends on the solar irradiance (light coming from sun perpendicular to the solar module plane), as the sun's position changes in different seasons the response of solar panels to it also changes. This way it produces different energy in different seasons. The performance of solar panels also depend on heat. When heat is less and irradiance is more then the panels produce more energy, this scenario happens in monsoon season. When the rain comes it washes the solar panels clean and also reducing the temperature of modules and after rain if sun shines bright then it produces maximum power.How Solar panel working changes in different seasons?.------Do wind farms or solar panels pose a threat to birds?Yes, birds have died at solar photovoltaic projects, some of them from crashing into panels or other infrastructure. ... Those deaths spanned at least 183 species, including three species listed as endangered or threatened under the federal Endangered Species Act: Ridgway's rail, willow flycatcher and yellow-billed cuckoo. Twenty-five peer-reviewed studies have found that living near wind turbines does not pose a risk on human health. The studies looked at a range of health effects from hearing loss, nausea, and sleep disorders to dizziness, blood pressure, tinnitus, and more. Go to my Profile and you can find all Solar Panels material there...------How can solar panels work on a rainy day?Solar Panels Adapted To Generate Rain EnergyThere is a new world record for direct solar water-splitting efficiency for new solar panels. This is said to be the next negation of solar.So, they'll work when it is rainy, or foggy, but now you'll actually be able to gain even more energy from rain power. An international team of researchers has now succeeded in raising the efficiency of producing hydrogen from direct solar water-splitting to a record 19 per cent. They did so by combining a tandem solar cell of III-V semiconductors with a catalyst of rhodium nanoparticles and a crystalline titanium dioxide coating.------Wind protection for solar installationRegulatory requirements will usually stipulate a mounting that will meet uplift conditions.Uplift is very approximately proportional to velocity-cubed normal to panel (eg under it facing up - so slower than through flow velocity BUT may be close. Halving peak velocity reduces max uplift by factor of V^3 8 times ! So a permeable windbreak can help muchly. NB: All advice worth what you paid for it (or less).Check regulations.Ask an engineer qualified to certify installations in your area. Drag 0.5 x density x Area x Drag_Coefficient x Velocity^3 Density at sea level 1.2 kg/m^3.For A in m^2, V in m/S, g 9.8 10Force in kg 0.06 x A x V^3------Do the solar panels on the ISS track the sun?The solar arrays are rotated based on pointing angles provided by the GNC MDM (Guidance, Navigation, & Control computer).The GNC MDM has various ephemerides loaded that tell it where external objects like the Sun are located. It then takes the state, attitude, and rate data from the GNC sensors to determine where the ISS is and which direction it is facing. With all of that information, it can determine the optimal angles to point the solar arrays to face the Sun, point the radiators to not face the Sun, and point the S-band communications antennae to face the assigned communications satellite.------How long would it take before having solar panels for assisted energy on your home pay off?The typical solar payback period in the U.S. is close to 8 years. If your cost of installing solar is $20,000 and your system is going to save you $2,500 a year on foregone energy bills, your solar panel payback or break-even point will be 8 years ($20,000/$2,500 8). If you live in an area with high energy rates and a suitable solar rating and can afford the initial investment, it's worth installing solar panels in your home while the 26% tax break is in place for the good of the environment and your wallet. But don't expect to eliminate your power bill overnight. Go to my Profile and you can find all about Solar Panels material there------Is there a significant loss of efficiency for solar panels if placed on roads compared to roofs?Is there a significant loss of efficiency for solar panels if placed on roads compared to roofs?I can think of two reasons why the output would be lower:The road has to be pretty much horizontal but you will notice most roof-mounted panels are angles slightly towards the sun, andPanels on a road would be shaded by cars, which significantly reduces the output.Also, "solar roads" would need to be serious pieces of design in order to carry the weight of cars and trucks and being built into a road would make them hard to maintain.------How do I start a wholesale business in solar panel distribution?Look for the companies that actually make solar panels for retail purpose such as tata power solar. Contact them and check whether or not they already have any dealer for that segment in your territory. If they don't, then you can discuss whether they're willing to expand in your region or not and hence you can discuss about the required investment and monthly targets to be achieved for the distribution with the concerned area sales manager. If that fits your budget and you find the process smooth then you can surely invest in it, the future is good.All the best.------Why am I receiving so many marketing calls for solar panels?One answer may be that your home is well suited for solar. Contractors have been scouting neighborhoods using Google Maps/Earth satellite images to identify unobstructed south or west facing roofs for a while now.So at least their calls tend to go to people who are prime candidates. The other reason is that utilities along with Republican lawmakers are trying to change how solar is incentivized by eliminating rebates, adding penalizing grid use charges or reducing feed-in tariffs to levels which make solar financially less attractive. So it makes sense to get solar installations done before the window of opportunity closes.------What states will follow California's lead and require all new homes built to have solar panels installed?It looks like they are all going to wait and see how it goes in California before committing to a similar ruling, which is what happened when Colorado legalized marijuana. The main issue or concern appears to be the possible effect on affordability as it is estimated to add at least $10,000 to the price of the property. It is proposed that the amount people will save in lower electricity costs should offset the increased monthly payments on a regular mortgage. The essential guide to renewable energy incorporating why we should all love hydrogen------How many solar panels are needed to power nap Bitmain S9 Bitcoin miner?You need 5 solar panel 300 watt to produce 1500 watt energy well enough to feed Antminer s9 1350 watt. solar panel price are about 0.3 $/watt for min purchase quantity of 20 kwatt. so it will cost you 450$. These costs are apart from other equipments like cable, inverter, controller and battery!But as you need a continuous source of energy working 24 hours you should buy double of needed panels to produce more energy to be stored on battery for night time.How many solar panels do I need to use in order to generate the power to produce and mine 1 bitcoin per day?------Can heat penetrate through solar panels?Remember there are two distinct types of solar panels. Thermal ones, where the objective is to get the heat in the solar energy inside a fluid like water which then circulates elsewhere. The other type of panel is the Photovoltaic type,where the objective is to transfer solar energy directly into an electric current. The physics of PV ,result in around 70% or more of the solar energy not being turned into electricity. This creates a problem as PV panels work better at low temperatures. There are designs in which water as a coolant is circulated down the back of the PV panel ,to reduce overheating. ------Do solar panels create 300 times more toxic waste per unit of energy than nuclear-power plants?The Berkeley-based group found that solar panels create 300 times more toxic waste per unit of energy than nuclear power plants. ... Since this process requires burning off plastic, the resulting smoke contains toxic fumes that are carcinogenic and teratogenic (birth defect-causing) when inhaled." Although pollution related to solar energy systems is far less compared to other sources of energy, solar energy can be associated with pollution. Transportation and installation of solar systems have been associated with the emission of greenhouse gases. Go to my Profile and you can find all about Solar Panels material there...------how to calculate solar panel size needed to run circuitIf I understand you correctly, you have only 5 x 5 inches for solar panels? That would translate to approximately 5 watts if I remember correctly (I will check that figure and edit if necessary). EDIT: 6 x 6 inches will give you 4 watts for the average solar cell under full sunlight. It is unclear if you plan to run your heater at the full 4 watts, but if you do, then for how long?If your panel puts out 4-5 watts and your heater uses 4 watts, then you just need to find out how much sunlight you get and if it is enough.By the way, most 12 volt lithium batteries would be 12.6 volts fully charged.Good luck------What is the federal and state taxability of Massachusetts Solar Renewable Energy Credits (SREC)?As you say, SRECTrade, a company which brokers these, just sent out their yearly statement saying that they don't know either and thus do not issue a tax statement, leaving it entirely up to us.Consensus is that you can certainly report SREC sales as Ordinary Income and be safe. Most of us aren't selling enough credits that it's worth investigating whether there's a slightly better option, and I've heard no claims that there is a option that would significantly change the numbers.In the continued absence of an officially blessed answer, it still comes down to "the object of the game is to be as honest as the law allows."------Should every government building have solar panels on them?I don't think so.Solar in many areas is still an expensive energy alternative (queue the renewable brigade). In electric markets where it makes economic sense, the building is suitable, and there isn't already a high solar penetration on the grid, then Yes, I think solar panels are a sensible addition. However, there are only a handful of these areas across the states (Hawaii?). I think a much more sensible energy alternative for government is cogeneration or microgrids. In many markets these already pencil, and they improve the overall economics and resiliency of the installation - not coincidentally, many military bases do this already.------I am planning to start a manufacturing unit of Solar Panels and Modules.Can anyone give me the leads to people who can help me start it?Hi please don't start a Solar panel manufacturing unit,Because all leading solar product manufacturing companies byes solar cells/Modules from China which is very cheap compared to manufacturer's in India,Most of the company's imports solar cells and get manufactured by module manufacturing companies...... This reduce the cost of manufacturing.Because of computation the margin is too low and the investment is in crorersInstead of starting a manufacturing unit you can make money by doing trading (ie)importing panels n selling them Sorry for grammatical errors and spelling mistakes.I am planning to start a manufacturing unit of Solar Panels and Modules. Can anyone give me the leads to people who can help me start it?
Solar Power Crisis Blamed on Tory Government As Number of New Installations Plummets 80%
The number of solar panels being installed in the UK has fallen by more than 80 per cent, according to an analysis of new figures in the latest sign that the industry is being strangled by government policies despite being one of the cheapest sources of electricity. The Solar Trade Association (STA), which produced the figures based on recently released government statistics, found the first three months of this year had seen a catastrophic collapse in the number of solar panels being put upfollowing the withdrawal of virtually all subsidies, a stunning business rate hike of up to 800 per cent and the imposition of red tape. No form of energy generation renewable or fossil fuel can currently be built without some form of subsidy and the STA stressed it was simply seeking a level-playing field. Overall, there was an 81 per cent decline in new solar panel capacity compared to the average over 2016. The STA said it was particularly concerned by a 65 per cent drop in the number of large-scale solar schemes on hospitals, factories and other large buildings, which may well have been caused by the business rate increase. The figures equate to just one large factory roof having solar panels fitted every month in the whole of the country. And the number of people putting solar panels on their homes is now at a six-year low. Between January and March, there were about 650 rooftop deployments a week a fall of more than 75 per cent on the long-term average of 2,700 a week since 2010. The number of new solar farms, producing large amounts of cheap and green electricity for the grid, has also crashed after being shut out of a heavily distorted electricity market. New installations are running at about an eighth of the level in January last year. Under government rules, solar has not been allowed to bid against other power generators for contracts to supply electricity at a guaranteed price even though it is in a position to save money for consumers. Paul Barwell, the STAs chief executive, said: At a time when we need more generation, the Government is hindering market competition against the best interests of consumers by suppressing the tremendous potential of solar power in the UK. Solar is being needlessly impeded in the UK by shock taxes, red tape and by a serious failure in the only remaining supportive policy. We urge Government to act now to stabilise the industry. He stressed they were not asking for any new rooftop subsidies despite clear difficulties. What we are asking for, and urgently, is fair tax treatment, fixes to a failing policy, less red tape and just a level playing field, said Mr Barwell, who insisted the Government would not be able to "thwart technological progress". It makes no sense to shut the most popular and cheapest clean power out of the energy market. Thats the last thing that consumers and a healthy, competitive market needs. Frans van den Heuvel, chief executive of private firm Solarcentury, said the business rate increase was really very unhelpful. Whether deliberate or not, the UK Government is acting to frustrate the success of this technology and the solar industry here in the UK, he said. However, such complaints fell on deaf ears in Whitehall. A spokesperson for the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy said: This Government wants Britain to be one of the best places in the world to invest in clean, flexible energy. Solar power is a great success, with more than 11 gigawatts of capacity installed in the past five years thats enough to power more than 2.6 million homes with clean electricity. Nina Schrank, an energy campaigner at Greenpeace UK, said: The UK is missing its moment in the sun. Globally there has been record installation of solar panels. Solar technology is improving, costs are falling and forward-thinking nations are harnessing the power of the sun for clean, green energy. But UK ministers are stifling this cutting-edge industry instead of seizing the opportunity for jobs, investment and cheap energy. Damaging tax hikes are making solar investment uneconomic for the UK. Our Government could be cutting off an entire sector, with major growth potential, at a time when we need strong industries and action on climate. They should put their money where their mouth is, and provide the necessary support to actually allow the solar industry to be the great success it should be, rather than holding it back unnecessarily and burying their heads in the sand.
GP Speedmaster's New Sub-brand "100% Biba" Fully Launches New Products
GP Speedmaster's New Sub-brand "100% Biba" Fully Launches New Products
For game lovers, especially for somatosensory gamers like Xbox, the importance of high-energy batteries is self-evident. If the performance of the 5th battery is strong, it will definitely bring a more lasting experience and enjoyment. In order to meet the needs of game enthusiasts, GP Speedmaster’s new sub-brand "100% Biba" has made full efforts to carefully launch a green and environmentally friendly rechargeable battery with very powerful performance, which perfectly surpasses the traditional nickel-metal hydride in the game field. Rechargeable Battery.The 100% Biba brand new environmentally friendly rechargeable battery has inherited the powerful genetic advantages of GP Speedmaster. Compared with the traditional Ni-MH rechargeable battery, the new 100% Biba environmentally friendly rechargeable battery has a 1.2V full-range constant voltage and a large capacity of 2300mAH. The revolutionary technology makes it a new-generation leader in the rechargeable battery industry. Under the recommendation of gamers, 100% of the new Buba battery was snapped up by the whole people, and battery sales continued to soar, and it was also known as "the best cp partner for Xbox controllers."The discharge performance of the new generation of 100% Biba environmentally friendly rechargeable batteries is quite strong, suitable for use in various high-current and high-voltage electronic devices such as gamepads and wireless mice. The social media 3DM game network has conducted actual evaluation on it, and the results show that the 100% Biba battery does have excellent performance. Faced with the tests of many games such as "Monster Hunter WorldIn the 5-hour gaming experience, the fully-powered 100% Biba battery strongly assists the Xbox controller, presenting an excellent gaming feast full of speed and excitement.In addition to the amazing battery life, the new generation of 100% Biba's new generation of environmentally friendly rechargeable batteries has also passed the authority SGS quality certification. More than 90% of its battery materials can be recycled, and the battery can be used repeatedly for more than 300 times. The environmental protection level is among the top in the world. . Even if it is stored for one year in the standby state, the battery still has more than 70% of the remaining capacity. Excellent quality can naturally be loved by consumers.In terms of charging safety, 100% must be very careful. Under the concept of striving for perfection, 100% Beba fits the life charging scene, and designed a "back window" hollow charger with automatic power-off intelligent recognition, so that the safety issues such as heat dissipation, short circuit, overcharge, etc. have been greatly improved. The improvement brings us a safer charging environment.It can be said that the emergence of a new generation of environmentally friendly rechargeable batteries with 100% Biba has become a boon for game enthusiasts. I believe this 2300 mAh super-capacity rechargeable battery set combination, you will fall in love with it after using it!fqj
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